China, Russia to Conduct Mediterranean Naval Drills

Russian Destroyer

Published May 1, 2015 12:15 PM by The Maritime Executive

China will hold joint naval drills with Russia in mid-May in the Mediterranean Sea, the first time the two countries will hold military exercises together in that part of the world, the Chinese Defence Ministry said on Thursday.

China and Russia have held naval drills in Pacific waters since 2012, but this is the first time the two navies have trained together in the Mediterranean. The May maneuvers come as the United States ramps up military cooperation with its allies in Asia in response to China’s increasingly assertive pursuit of maritime territorial claims.

A total of nine ships, six Russian and three Chinese, will participate, including the Chinese vessels Type 54A Jiangkai II frigates Linyi, Weifang and fleet oiler Weishanhu.

“The aim is to deepen both countries’ friendly and practical cooperation, and increase our navies’ ability to jointly deal with maritime security threats,” Chinese Defence Ministry spokesman Geng Yansheng said.

“What needs saying is that these exercises are not aimed at any third party and have nothing to do with the regional situation.”

Geng gave no specific date for the drills, but they are likely to be held following a military parade May 9, in Moscow commemorating the Soviet Union’s WWII defeat of Germany. The drills will focus primarily on navigation safety, at-sea replenishment, escort missions and live fire exercises.

Since Western powers imposed economic sanctions on Russia last year over the violence in Ukraine, Moscow has accelerated attempts to build ties with Asia, Africa and South America, as well as warming relations with its former Soviet-era allies.

China and Russia are both permanent members of the U.N. Security Council and have close diplomatic, economic and military ties, with China traditionally relying on Russia for its most advanced equipment.

China has been increasingly flexing its military muscles since Xi Jinping assumed the presidency in 2013, jangling nerves around the region and globally, though Beijing insists it is a force for peace and threatens nobody.

China’s navy has become a focus of Xi’s efforts to better project the country’s power by developing a navy that is able to extend deep into the world’s oceans. While the drills are on a small-scale, they are the farthest China has ever extended from home waters.

U.S. President Barack Obama accused China on Tuesday of “flexing its muscles” to advance its territorial claims at sea.

China says about 90 percent of the 3.5 million sq km (1.35 million sq mile) South China Sea is its sovereign territory. The Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia, Brunei and Vietnam also claim large parts.

China and Russia have additional plans to conduct join exercises in the Pacific later in 2015.